Penrhyn Quarries

Gauge: 1ft 10¾in (577mm)

 

Collection Objects

NumberRailwayObject TypeDescriptionImage
TYWRM:PQ001Penrhyn Quarry Railwaylocomotivelocomotive; 0-4-0 VB by De Winton; Caernarfon; 1877; named GEORGE HENRY. 1' 11 1/2" gauge file PQ001.jpg
TYWRM:PQ002Penrhyn Quarry Railwaynameplatelocomotive nameplate "LADY PENRHYN" file PQ002.jpg
TYWRM:PQ003.1Penrhyn Quarry Railwaynameplatelocomotive nameplate "EDWARD SHOLTO" file PQ003-1.jpg
TYWRM:PQ003.2Penrhyn Quarry Railwaynameplatelocomotive nameplate "EDWARD SHOLTO" file PQ003-2.jpg
TYWRM:PQ004.1Penrhyn Quarry Railwaynameplatelocomotive plate "GEORGE SHOLTO No. 3 JOHN BEATSON DERBY CONTRACTOR" file PQ004-1.jpg
TYWRM:PQ004.2Penrhyn Quarry Railwayworks platelocomotive plate marked GEORGE SHOLTO No. 3 JOHN BEATSON DERBY CONTRACTOR file PQ004-2.jpg
TYWRM:PQ005Penrhyn Quarry Railwaynameplatelocomotive nameplate "SKINNER" file PQ005.jpg
TYWRM:PQ006.1Penrhyn Quarry Railwaynameplatelocomotive nameplate "SANFORD" file PQ006-1.jpg
TYWRM:PQ006.2Penrhyn Quarry Railwaynameplatelocomotive nameplate "SANFORD" file PQ006-2.jpg
TYWRM:PQ007.1Penrhyn Quarry Railwaynameplatelocomotive nameplate "LLANDEGAI" file PQ007-1.jpg
TYWRM:PQ007.2Penrhyn Quarry Railwaynameplatelocomotive nameplate "LLANDEGAI" file PQ007-2.jpg
TYWRM:PQ008.1Penrhyn Quarry Railwaynameplatelocomotive nameplate "TREGARTH" file PQ008-1.jpg
TYWRM:PQ008.2Penrhyn Quarry Railwaynameplatelocomotive nameplate "TREGARTH" file PQ008-2.jpg
TYWRM:PQ009.1Penrhyn Quarry Railwaynameplatelocomotive nameplate "BRONLLWYD" file PQ009-1.jpg
TYWRM:PQ009.2Penrhyn Quarry Railwaynameplatelocomotive nameplate "BRONLLWYD" file PQ009-2.jpg
TYWRM:PQ010.1Penrhyn Quarry Railwayworks platebuilder's plate marked HUDSWELL CLARKE AND CO No.1643 1930 file PQ010-1.jpg
TYWRM:PQ010.2Penrhyn Quarry Railwayworks platebuilder's plate marked HUDSWELL CLARKE AND CO No.1643 1930; file PQ010-2.jpg
TYWRM:PQ011.1Penrhyn Quarry Railwayworks platebuilder's plate marked BAGNALL 1571 file PQ011-1.jpg
TYWRM:PQ011.2Penrhyn Quarry Railwayworks platebuilder's plate marked BAGNALL 1571 file PQ011-2.jpg
TYWRM:PQ012.1Penrhyn Quarry Railwayworks platebuilder's plate marked DE WINTON 1876 file PQ012.jpg
TYWRM:PQ012.2Penrhyn Quarry Railwayworks platebuilder's plate marked DE WINTON 1876 file PQ012-2.jpg
TYWRM:PQ013Penrhyn Quarry Railwayworks platebuilder's plate marked DE WINTON AND CO ENGRS CARNARVON 1879 file PQ013.jpg
TYWRM:PQ014Penrhyn Quarry Railwayworks platecircular number plate marked BALDWIN LOCO WORKS; PHILADELPHIA; USA 5096 file PQ014.jpg
TYWRM:PQ015Penrhyn Quarry Railwaynameplatereplica locomotive nameplate "GEORGE HENRY" file PQ015.jpg
TYWRM:PQ016Penrhyn Quarry Railwaylocomotive whistlesteam whistle from De Winton locomotive file PQ016.jpg
TYWRM:PQ017.1Penrhyn Quarry Railwaysleeperslate sleeper with iron chairs bolted. Pre 1875 file PQ017-1.jpg
TYWRM:PQ017.2Penrhyn Quarry Railwaysleeperslate sleeper with iron chairs bolted. Pre 1875 file PQ017-2.jpg
TYWRM:PQ017.3Penrhyn Quarry Railwaysleeperslate sleeper with iron chairs bolted. Pre 1875 file PQ017-3.jpg
TYWRM:PQ020Penrhyn Quarry Railwayrailswitch rail; pivoted; for double flanged wheels. Pre 1875 file PQ020.jpg
TYWRM:PQ021Penrhyn Quarry RailwayrailD-section rail; 4' long. Pre 1875 file PQ021.jpg
TYWRM:PQ023Penrhyn Quarry Railwayrailoval section rail with flat base at each end; 5' long. Pre 1875 file PQ023.jpg
TYWRM:PQ025Penrhyn Quarry Railwaynumeralletters C and H and numbers 1; 2 and 3; brass; from quarrymen's carriages file PQ025.jpg
TYWRM:PQ026.1Penrhyn Quarry Railwaynameplatelocomotive nameplate "LILIAN" file PQ026-1.jpg
TYWRM:PQ026.2Penrhyn Quarry Railwaynameplatelocomotive nameplate "LILIAN" file PQ026-2.jpg
TYWRM:PQ027.1Penrhyn Quarry Railwayworks platelocomotive builder plate marked HUNSLET 317 file PQ027-1.jpg
TYWRM:PQ027.2Penrhyn Quarry Railwayworks platelocomotive builder plate marked HUNSLET 317 file PQ027-2.jpg
TYWRM:PQ030Penrhyn Quarry Railwaynameplatelocomotive nameplate "MARGARET" file PQ030.jpg
TYWRM:PQ031Penrhyn Quarry Railwayworks platelocomotive builders plate marked HUNSLET 605 file PQ031.jpg
TYWRM:PQ034Penrhyn Quarry Railwaynameplatelocomotive nameplate "GEORGE SHOLTO" file PQ034.jpg
TYWRM:PQ035.1Penrhyn Quarry Railwayworks platelocomotive builders plate marked HUNSLET 994 file PQ035-1.jpg
TYWRM:PQ035.2Penrhyn Quarry Railwayworks platelocomotive builders plate marked HUNSLET 994 file PQ035-2.jpg
TYWRM:PQ036Penrhyn Quarry Railwayworks platelocomotive builders plate marked HUNSLET 921 file PQ036.jpg
TYWRM:PQ037.1Penrhyn Quarry Railwaynameplatelocomotive nameplate "JUBILEE 1897" file PQ037-1.jpg
TYWRM:PQ037.2Penrhyn Quarry Railwaynameplatelocomotive nameplate "JUBILEE 1897" file PQ037-2.jpg
TYWRM:PQ038.1Penrhyn Quarry Railwayworks platelocomotive builders plate marked MANNING WARDLE 1382 file PQ038-1.jpg
TYWRM:PQ038.2Penrhyn Quarry Railwayworks platelocomotive builders plate marked MANNING WARDLE 1382 file PQ038-2.jpg
TYWRM:PQ039.1Penrhyn Quarry Railwaynameplatelocomotive nameplate; cast aluminium; "EIGIAU " file PQ039-1.jpg
TYWRM:PQ039.2Penrhyn Quarry Railwaynameplatelocomotive nameplate; cast aluminium "EIGIAU" file PQ039-2.jpg
TYWRM:PQ040.1Penrhyn Quarry Railwaynameplatelocomotive nameplate "STANHOPE"; aluminium file PQ040.jpg
TYWRM:PQ040.2Penrhyn Quarry Railwaynameplatelocomotive nameplate "STANHOPE"; aluminium file PQ040-2.jpg
TYWRM:PQ041Penrhyn Quarry Railwayworks platelocomotive builder's plate; aluminium; marked KERR STUART NO 2395 file PQ041.jpg
TYWRM:PQ043Penrhyn Quarry Railwaysignalsignal from Penrhyn Quarry Railway file PQ043.jpg
TYWRM:PQ044Penrhyn Quarry Railwaypointpoint; cast iron with moveable blade file PQ044.jpg
TYWRM:PQ048Penrhyn Quarry Railwaylamplocomotive headlamp file PQ048.jpg
TYWRM:PQ049Penrhyn Quarry Railwaysleeperphase 1 cast iron sleeper file PQ049.jpg
TYWRM:PQ050Penrhyn Quarry Railwaysleeperphase 1 cast iron sleeper file PQ050.jpg
TYWRM:PQ051Penrhyn Quarry Railwaysleeperphase 1 cast iron sleeper file PQ051.jpg
TYWRM:PQ052Penrhyn Quarry Railwaysleeperphase 1 cast iron sleeper; later version than PQ049 file PQ052.jpg
TYWRM:PQ053Penrhyn Quarry Railwayrailphase 1 cast iron rail file PQ053.jpg
TYWRM:PQ054Penrhyn Quarry Railwayrailphase 1 cast iron rail file PQ054.jpg
TYWRM:PQ055Penrhyn Quarry Railwayrail chairchair; cast iron; for 50 lb/yd bullhead rail file PQ055.jpg
TYWRM:PQ056Penrhyn Quarry Railwayrail chairchair; cast iron; phase 1; wide. file PQ056.jpg
TYWRM:PQ057Penrhyn Quarry Railwayrail chairchair; cast iron; phase 1; narrow. file PQ057.jpg
TYWRM:PQ058Penrhyn Quarry Railwayworks platelocomotive builder's plate marked DE WINTON CARNARVON 1877 file PQ058.jpg
TYWRM:PQ059Penrhyn Quarry RailwayphotographSix photographs of Hen Durnpike level crossing
TYWRM:PQ060Penrhyn Quarry Railwayworks platereproduction works plate for GEORGE HENRY 1877 file PQ060.jpg
TYWRM:PQ061Penrhyn Quarry Railwayrailsfour rails; double headed type file PQ061.jpg
TYWRM:PQ062Penrhyn Quarry Railwaysleeper and rail chaireight wooden sleepers with cast iron chairs file PQ062.jpg
TYWRM:PQ063Penrhyn Quarry Railwaysleepercast iron sleeper; Thomas Hughes' system file PQ063.jpg
TYWRM:PQ064Penrhyn Quarry Railwaysleepercast iron sleeper; Thomas Hughes' system file PQ064.jpg
TYWRM:PQ065Penrhyn Quarry Railwayrail chaircast iron chair; Thomas Hughes' system file PQ065.jpg
TYWRM:PQ066Penrhyn Quarry Railwaypointcast iron point; Thomas Hughes' system file PQ066.jpg
TYWRM:PQ067Penrhyn Quarry Railwayrail chairchair; cast iron; Penrhyn Quarry; for early oval rail file PQ067.jpg
TYWRM:PQ068Penrhyn Quarry Railwaynameplatelocomotive nameplate (replica) "ALAN GEORGE" file PQ068.jpg
TYWRM:PQ069.1Penrhyn Quarry Railwayrailearly rail file PQ069.jpg
TYWRM:PQ069.2Penrhyn Quarry Railwayrailearly rail file PQ069.jpg
TYWRM:PQ070Penrhyn Quarry Railwayrailsection of round rail; Thomas Hughes' system file PQ070.jpg
TYWRM:PQ071Penrhyn Quarry Railwayworks plateReplica works plate for Manning Wardle locomotive No.1382 'Jubilee 1897' file PQ071.jpg

Slate has been quarried at Penrhyn since the middle ages. In 1785 Richard Pennant, who became the first Lord Penrhyn, took over the estate and the quarry and introduced ambitious plans for their development. In 1790 a harbour was built at Port Penrhyn near Bangor and a road from there to Bethesda. A 1ft 10¾in gauge railway, 6¼ miles long, from the quarries to Port Penrhyn was completed in 1801. This was the first railway to be built for the carriage of slate. The rails were of iron fixed to slate sleepers. The wagons were hauled by horses. Penrhyn Quarry thus obtained a cheap and reliable route to the sea and made them early leaders in the blossoming Welsh slate industry.

In 1876 the railway was rebuilt on a new course with steel rails laid on wooden sleepers. Steam locomotives were introduced, supplied by De Winton & Co. Engineers of Caernarvon. One of these, George Henry is to be seen in this museum. Between 1882 and 1909 the Hunslet Engine Company of Leeds supplied sixteen four wheeled locomotives for use in the quarry and on the line to Port Penrhyn. From 1922 onwards a further fifteen locomotives were bought second hand from various sources, of which Jubilee 1897 built by Manning, Wardle & Co. Ltd of Leeds is in this museum. The railway was private, providing no public service for either goods or passengers. Quarrymen’s trains were run, paid for by the quarrymen themselves.

Declining demand for slate and greater use of motor lorries caused the railway to close in 1962. All the surviving locomotives were sold for preservation, among them Blanche and Linda, built by Hunslet in 1893, which are now at work on the Festiniog Railway. Further locomotives and rolling stock are to be seen in the museum at Penrhyn Castle.

Penrhyn Quarry was extensively modernised in 1964-1967. It is still very much in operation, owned and operated by Welsh Slate (now the dominant force in the industry operating Penrhyn, Oakeley, Cwt y Bugail and Penyrorsedd Quarries), and is still the largest in the industry. It still produces over 10,000 tons of slate annually. All of this leaves the quarries by road, but some of it is destined for export and is taken to Port Penrhyn for shipment.

Locomotives
George Sholto No 3 Henry Hughes, Loughborough, purchased from J Beatson, Derby, 1875; 0-4-0 tank. Sold 1879?
Lady Penrhyn De Winton & Co. of 1876; 0-4-0 vertical boiler. Scrapped 1911.
George Henry De Winton & Co. of 1877; 0-4-0 vertical boiler. Survives.
Charles Hunslet Engine Co. No. 238 of 1882; 0-4-0 saddle tank. Survives
Gwynedd Hunslet Engine Co. No. 316 of 1883; 0-4-0 tank. 1ft 10¾in gauge. Survives.
Lilian Hunslet Engine Co. No. 317 of 1883; 0-4-0 tank. 1ft 10¾in gauge. Survives.
Winifred Hunslet Engine Co. No. 364 of 1885; 0-4-0 tank. 1ft 10¾in gauge. Survives.
Lilla Hunslet Engine Co. No. 554 of 1891; 0-4-0 tank. 1ft 10¾in gauge. Ex Cilgwyn.
Survives.
Blanche Hunslet Engine Co. No. 589 of 1893; 0-4-0 saddle tank. 1ft 10¾in gauge.
Survives (FR)
Linda Hunslet Engine Co. No. 590 of 1893; 0-4-0 tank. 1ft 10¾in gauge. Survives (FR)
Margaret Hunslet Engine Co. No. 605 of 1894; 0-4-0 saddle tank.
Jubilee 1897 Manning, Wardle & Co. No.1382 of 1897. 0-4-0 saddle tank. Purchased 1929.
Survives.
Nesta Hunslet Engine Co. No. 704 of 1899; 0-4-0 tank. 1ft 10¾in gauge. Survives.
Elin Hunslet Engine Co. No. 705 of 1899; 0-4-0 tank. 1ft 10¾in gauge. Survives.
Sanford W.G. Bagnall No. 1571 of 1900; 0-4-0 saddle tank. Purchased 1929
Hugh Napier Hunslet Engine Co. No. 855 of 1904; 0-4-0 tank. 1ft 10¾in gauge. Survives.
Skinner W.G. Bagnall No. 1766 of 1906; 0-4-0 saddle tank. Purchased 1929
Alan George Hunslet Engine Co. No. 606 of 1906; 0-4-0 saddle tank. Survives.
Pamela Hunslet Engine Co. No. 920 of 1906; 0-4-0 tank. 1ft 10¾in gauge. Survives.
Sybil Mary Hunslet Engine Co. No. 921 of 1906; 0-4-0 saddle tank.
George Sholto Hunslet Engine Co. No. 994 of 1909; 0-4-0 saddle tank.
Eigiau Orenstein & Koppel of 1912; 0-4-0 well tank. Purchased from Aluminium Corporation,
Dolgarrog in 1929. Survives.
Tregarth Baldwin Locomotive Works No. 46764; 2-6-2 tank. Ex WD. Purchased 1923.
Llandegai Baldwin Locomotive Works No. 47143; 2-6-2 tank. Ex WD. Purchased 1923.
Scrapped in 1940.
Bronllwyd Hudswell, Clarke & Co. No. 1643 of 1930; 0-6-0 well tank. Ex Surrey CC
Cegin Andrew Barclay & Sons No. 1991 of 1931; 0-4-0 well tank. Purchased 1934
Stanhope Kerr, Stuart and Co. No.2395 of 1917. 0-4-0 saddle tank. Purchased 1934.

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